SELECT * and the magic behind database interfaceJune 13, 2015 • 2 minutes read • abap
Database Interface is the middleware between the application and the database. It’s his responsibility of translating OpenSQL to NativeSQL, keeping the data in buffer up-to-date, among other database related things.
Recently I found out something additional that it does and it’s healthy to the database and the system overall.
It’s very common to see arguments against the use of
SELECT * in any language because it may degrade the performance by querying and transporting unnecessary data between various layers.
Fortunately SAP system have this magical database interface component that does some really cool optimizations. One of them is the selection of only the fields you really need.
Here are three examples. The first one using
SELECT fieldlist. The other two are using
SELECT *, but one of them targets a table with less fields.
TYPES: BEGIN OF ty_field, tabname TYPE dd03l-tabname, fieldname TYPE dd03l-fieldname, END OF ty_field. DATA: gt_fields1 TYPE TABLE OF ty_field. DATA: gt_fields2 TYPE TABLE OF ty_field. DATA: gt_fields3 TYPE TABLE OF dd03l. SELECT tabname fieldname FROM dd03l INTO TABLE gt_fields1 WHERE tabname = 'PARTNER_RECORD'. SELECT * FROM dd03l INTO CORRESPONDING FIELDS OF TABLE gt_fields2 WHERE tabname = 'PARTNER_RECORD'. SELECT * FROM dd03l INTO TABLE gt_fields3 WHERE tabname = 'PARTNER_RECORD'.
The first example is probably the most accepted method, where each field is set both in the query and in the target table variable. I tend to believe it makes the code easier to read and much more optimized for database reading. When executing
SQL Trace (ST05) on this program it it possible to note that the execution time of the first two queries are exactly the same, except for the third query which is a bit more expensive.
That, my friends, it’s
Database Interface in action.
The real query that was sent to the database for the first two queries are exactly the same. This means that the system identified the
INTO CORRESPONDING FIELDS instruction and that the target table contains only a few fields, so it replaced the all query for a specific query containing only the fields that are really used.
SELECT * coding. But remember kids, with great powers comes great responsibility. Use it wisely.